Environmental protection in surface mining of coal by Elmore C. Grim

Cover of: Environmental protection in surface mining of coal | Elmore C. Grim

Published by National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Cincinnati, OH .

Written in English

Read online


  • Strip mining -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Coal mines and mining -- Environmental aspects.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Elmore C. Grim and Ronald D. Hill
SeriesProgram elements -- 1BB040, Environmental protection technology series -- EPA-670/2-74-093
ContributionsHill, Ronald D.
LC ClassificationsTD"195"S75"G86"1974
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 277 p. :
Number of Pages277
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20675602M

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Layers of rock and dirt above and between the coal seams are removed. Coal seams are removed with excess soil and rock placed in an adjacent valley. Large scale earth moving equipment is used to excavate and remove coal from lower layers.

The equipment used depends on the method and scale of the surface mining method being employed. Get this from a library. Environmental protection in surface mining of coal. [Elmore C Grim; Ronald D Hill; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.

Office of Research and Development.; National Environmental Research Center (Cincinnati, Ohio)]. Environmental Effects of Western Coal Surface Mining, Part VI: Smallmouth Bass and Largemouth Bass in the Tongue River Reservoir, Montana, [U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Environmental Effects of Western Coal Surface Mining, Part VI: Smallmouth Bass and Largemouth Bass in the Tongue River ReservoirFormat: Paperback.

The health and environmental impact of the coal industry includes issues such as land use, Environmental protection in surface mining of coal book management, water and air pollution, caused by the coal mining, processing and the use of its addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization sludge, that.

PUBLIC NOTICEPursuant to the "Surface Mining Conservation and Reclamation Act" and the "Clean Streams Law", notice is hereby given the Waroquier Coal Company, doing business at. EPA/ October ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN SURFACE MINING OF COAL By Elmore C.

Grim and Ronald D- Hill Mining Pollution Control Branch (Cincinnati, Ohio) Industrial Waste Treatment Research Laboratory Edison, New Jersey Program Element No. 1BB NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER OFFICE CH AND DEVELOPMENT U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. Material adapted from: Hudson, T.L, Fox, F.D., and Plumlee, G.S.

Metal Mining and the Environment, p. Published by the American Geosciences Institute Environmental Awareness Series. Click here to download the full handbook.

An extensive regulatory system has been developed to govern current mining operations in the United States, as well as to guide the cleanup of. Zhengao et al. and Mishra et al. distinguished a narrower purpose of the lateral mining method, for low-dipping strata of high thickness.

[13,14] In turn, for the surface mining of inclined and. The mining divisions are guided by statutes, regulations, reclamation advisory memorandums and technical reclamation memorandums in the implementation of their regulatory Environmental protection in surface mining of coal book.

The Cabinet's Department for Natural Resources is the agency with front-line responsibility for carrying out the statutes and the administrative regulations. (ii) The Federal Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) under the authority of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (30 U.S.C.A.

§§ - ). (iii) A State regulatory authority which has been granted primary jurisdiction by OSMRE to implement the Federal coal mining regulatory program within its. Steps are taken in modern mining operations to minimise impacts on all aspects of the environment.

By carefully pre-planning projects, implementing pollution control measures, monitoring the effects of mining and rehabilitating mined areas, the coal industry minimises the impact of its activities on the neighbouring community, the immediate.

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

Surface mining began in the midth century [dubious. The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are. Surface Coal Mining. The primary methods of surface coal mining used in Pennsylvania are: Strip Mining: Layers of soil and rock overburden are removed the coal exposed coal seam is area is then backfilled, regraded, and replanted during the reclamation process.

An Obama administration regulation aimed to reduce the environmental and climate impact of mountaintop removal coal mining and Donald. ARTICLE 3. SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ACT.

§ Short title. This article shall be known and cited as the Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act. § Legislative findings and purpose; jurisdiction vested in Division of Environmental Protection; authority of secretary; inter-departmental cooperation. Pursuant to the Surface Mining Conservation and Reclamation Act and the Clean Streams Law, notice hereby is given that Tamburlin Bros.

Coal. Environmental issues arise at every stage of the proc- ess. This paper will discuss environmental issues due to coal mining. In fact, environmental problems from coal mining have been studied since coal mining be- came industrialized.

Nevertheless, environmental issues from coal mining have become important con- cerns only since the ’s. 21st Century Complete Guide to Surface Mining: Environmental Protection and Land Reclamation of Coal Mines from the Interior Department Office of Surface Mining [U.S.

Government] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This electronic book on CD-ROM presents comprehensive information on issues regarding surface mining.

Environmental effects of western coal surface mining. Duluth: Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service. ISL mining has environmental and safety advantages over conventional mining in that the ore body is dissolved and then pumped out, leaving minimal surface disturbance and no tailings or waste rock (World Nuclear Association, ).

The DEP in March sued a company that acquired more than mining permits from Patriot Coal Corp.’s bankruptcy. Most of the permits are in West Virginia and others are in Kentucky, Illinois and Tennessee.

The DEP said the company, ERP Environmental Fund Inc., laid off all of its employees, ceased operations and abandoned its mining sites. The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

Environmental Protection Division Environmental Protection Division Search. Menu Close. Search this site. Close. Coal Ash Information Outreach For more information, please contact the Surface Mining Unit at () Release Acreage.

Please note, you may also need to amend your current permit for partial release. This method of mining can result in seam extraction of greater than 90% but may cause surface subsidence features.

Regulation. The following Chapters of the Pennsylvania Code (Title 25) provide the regulatory basis for surface coal mining and reclamation in Pennsylvania: Surface and Underground Coal Mining: General.

Anthracite Coal. Environmental groups are suing the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection over what they say is the agency’s failure to heed federal reporting requirements for a coal.

The Committee on Technologies for the Mining Industries has (1) reviewed information concerning the U.S. mining industry; (2) identified critical research and development needs related to the exploration, mining, and processing of coal, industrial minerals, and metals; and (3) examined the federal contribution to research and development in the mining process.

The DEP in March sued a company that acquired more than mining permits from Patriot Coal Corp.’s bankruptcy. Most of the permits are in West Virginia and others are in Kentucky, Illinois and Tennessee. The DEP has said the company, ERP Environmental Fund Inc., laid off all of its employees, ceased operations and abandoned its mining.

Very crude estimates compiled by the United Nations Environment Programme () indicate that mining activities, apparently in this case including oil and gas production and coal mining, account for about three-quarters of the solid wastes generated annually in Canada, one-third in the United States, one-tenth in the European Community, and.

Surface coal mining in the Northern Great Plains of the western United States by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region VIII.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region VIII, Office of Energy Activities edition, in English.

In –, only % of the reused coal mining waste was applied underground in mine workings, while % was used for engineering construction at the surface (State Inspectorate of the Environmental Protection, ). Energy & Environment Cabinet Hero Content Our mission is to provide regulatory guidance, environmental awareness and implement an energy strategy that will bring economic benefits to the Commonwealth while protecting the environment and improving the quality of life for Kentucky businesses, workers and the public in general.

The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations. The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution (especially from sediments) All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment, though some methods.

Once exposed, the coal is usually removed in a separate operation. Surface soil is often stripped separately and spread back onto the reclaimed surface. The environment can also be protected by seeding or planting grass or trees on the fertilized restored surface of a strip mine.

The term strip mining is most often used in reference to coal. Chapter 2 - Mississippi Commission on Environmental Quality Regulations Governing Surface Coal Mining Subchapter - Permanent Program Performance Standards Rule - Permanent Program Performance Standards Surface Mining Activities.

Surface Mining Of Non-coal Minerals: A Study Of Mineral Mining From The Perspective Of The Surface Mining Control And Reclamation Act Of A Report National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Surface Mining and Reclamation National Academies,   What Studies Warn About Strip Mining and Flood Risk.

Across Appalachian coal country, mining companies, flood victims, environmental advocates. Illegal coal mining on a state-protected nature reserve in China’s northwestern Qinghai province has caused massive ecological damage and deprived Tibetan nomads of food for.

Western communities are used to hardrock-mining and petroleum busts, but the coal reserves are so huge that those mining jobs had seemed permanent. The judge’s ruling stunned Craig. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (SMCRA) established the nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse impacts of coal mining.

It was promulgated because there was a need to have standards to minimize the adverse impacts to the environment from coal mining while still providing for the nations.

38 CSR 2F: Groundwater Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations Summary: These rules establish a series of practices for the protection of groundwater which are to be followed by any person who conducts coal mining operations subject to the provisions of W.

Va. Code § et seq. and subject to regulation under W. Va. Code §, and/or. Since mining ended in on the Peeler property, San Miguel has been allowed to bury more than 8 million cubic yards of coal ash — enough to fill the Dallas Cowboys’ football stadium more. The DEP in March sued a company that acquired more than mining permits from Patriot Coal Corp.’s bankruptcy.

Most of the permits are in West Virginia and others are in Kentucky.

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